2018-19 SLSNZ Safety MessagesWednesday, 19 September 2018
To assist our members who may be required to offer advice to the press locally or to the public, SLSNZ has developed the attached beach safety messages to ensure consistent accurate communication is going out to the public.
The statements have been developed with reference to the latest research from water safety advocates and research institutes from within New Zealand and around the world.
From the research we are better able to shape the message to fit the perceptions and understanding of the public. We are learning more about the complexities of the hazards such as rip currents from the researchers and this is why sections of the statements may seem unfamiliar to you as the messaging continues to evolve to better inform the public of how to stay safe on our beaches.
2018/19 SLSNZ KEY BEACH SAFETY MESSAGES
Beach Safety Messages
1. Choose a lifeguarded beach and swim between the flags
2. Read and understand the safety signs - ask a lifeguard for advice as conditions can change regularly
3. Don't overestimate your ability or your children's ability to cope in the conditions
4. Always keep a very close eye on young children in or near the water - keep them within arm’s reach at all times
5. Get a friend to swim with you - never swim or surf alone
6. Watch out for rip currents, they can carry you away from shore. If caught in a rip current, RELAX and float, RAISE your hand to signal for help, RIDE the rip until it stops and you can swim safely back to shore. Remember - nobody is stronger than a rip.
7. Be smart around rocks: When fishing, never turn your back towards the sea and always wear a lifejacket
8. If in doubt, stay out!
9. If you see someone in trouble, call 111 and ask for Police
10. Be sun smart – Slip, Slop, Slap and Wrap. Protect your skin and eyes from the sun's damaging rays
What is a rip current?
Rip currents are caused by interactions between incoming and breaking waves and the shape of the sea bed. As waves travel from deep to shallow water, they eventually break near the shoreline resulting in a build-up of water. One mechanism that returns this water seaward are strong, narrow and often channelized rip currents that flow through the surf zone and some distance beyond.
There are several different types of rip currents – some occupy channels between sandbanks or against headlands and structures and are relatively persistent in location for days, weeks or longer. Others are more unpredictable and respond to large groups of breaking waves and are not channelized. Some rip currents begin by flowing along the beach before turning offshore while others can flow straight offshore. In general, the larger the breaking waves and the more intense the wave breaking, the stronger the rip current flow will be. Although surf under 1 metre can produce rips that flow faster than a good swimmer.
Rip currents also often appear as seemingly calmer and safer areas where wave action is less and appear as enticing areas to enter the water. However, regardless of how fast rip currents flow, they pose a risk to any swimmer in them who may quickly find themselves out of their depth and unable to touch the bottom.
How to identify a rip current:
Look for these features to help you identify a rip:
- Regions of deeper, darker water with less wave breaking activity between areas of white water; think of them as rivers of the sea
- Narrow areas of surface water that is rippled or bumpy with criss-crossed waves compared to areas either side of this section of water.
- Turbulent white water with deposits of sand suspended in the water heading offshore
- If you’re unsure, stay out!
What to do if you get caught in a rip;
- Stay calm, relax and float. The rip current will not pull you under the water and is just taking you for a ride offshore
- Signal for help by putting your hand up and wave it from side to side to attract attention from lifeguards, surfers or someone on the beach who can get help
- Try to fight the urge to swim back to shore against the current; this will use up energy that you need to stay afloat before help arrives.
- Most people can float for a lot longer than they can swim!
- Remain floating until the current weakens. Many rips will circulate and bring you back into shallower waters closer to the shore where you may be able to stand
- When the current has subsided, and only if you are sure you can swim to the nearest point on the shore, should you attempt to swim to safety
- If you choose to attempt to swim out of the rip current, always swim to the side of the rip current and head for regions with a lot of breaking waves and white water.
For more information, please contact your local lifesaving manager.